How To Prepare Tom-Brown—Africa’s Most Nutritious Breakfast Meal

How To Prepare Tom-Brown—Africa’s Most Nutritious Breakfast Meal

Tom Brown  —the thick brown powder is a combination of yellow corn, millet,guinea corn (cereals), groundnut (peanuts)  and soy beans (legumes). it’s one meal that is essential for babies if you want to wean them and want them looking well fed after breast milk.

Tom-brown is also good for adults who always have busy schedules  and  may have to leave very early in the morning to their place of work. It’s just a 5 minutes meal. This will save you time especially if you are on the go.

Also, because of its rich contents, this fiber makes you feel fuller for long causing you to focus on your most important tasks for the day.

It’s nutritional benefits are of immense value. It consists of protein, iron, magnesium, potassium, carbohydrate,  vitamin B6 and Vitamin B12 and lot more.

You don’t feel like cooking? Simply prepare Tom Brown.


Tom brown ingredients
Tom brown ingredients
  • Millet, Guinea corn
  • Yellow corn
  • Soybeans
  • Groundnut/pea nuts. 

Optional Ingredients:

  • Crayfish.
  • Dates (sweetener)

Benefits  Of  Tom Brown—Soy  Beans Cereal.

  1. It lowers cholesterol.
  2.  Its source of antioxidants helps fight free radicals.
  3. It’s good for eye vision.
  4. It controls diabetes.
  5. It reduces inflammation.
  6. It boosts energy levels.
  7. It helps to decrease high blood pressure.
  8. It helps treat coronary heart disorder.

Measurements in making Tom Brown:

Warning ⚠

It won’t  come out nicely if you decide to use the same measure for all the ingredients in the preparation of Tom Brown.

Size or quantity is of importance in its preparation.

Here below is  something you can start with. 

  • Yellow corn & Guinea corn(sorghum)  –  1 kg
  • Millet & Soy bean –  500g
  • Groundnut (peanuts) –  200g

In summary, the corn is usually more in quantity than the rest of the ingredients when preparing  the cereal.

The millet  and Soybeans is usually half the size of the Corn.

While groundnut is lesser of all the main ingredients used.

Note that apart from the nutritious value groundnut has, the groundnut enables  the mixture to be pasty.

However, you wouldn’t want too much of the oil groundnut has on the mixture. So, quantity and size is of importance.

How to prepare Tom Brown: 

1. Get dried yellow corn and guinea corn(sorghum), remove the stones and other foreign particles amongst the corn,  then roast both on fire until its turned golden brown. Don’t let it pop like popcorn, when done,  remove it, let it cool.

2. Now, roast the groundnut.  (The quantity is based on how much cereals you will use)

3. Roast the millet and the soya beans separately till it becomes brown. Don’t forget to remove the stones and other foreign particles first.

4. When done with roasting of the soya beans, grind it softly with mortal and pestle to remove the chaff. It is very important you sift the chaff away after you are done with grinding.

5 let all the Ingredients get cool.

6. Combine all the ingredients and blend the mixture with a high power blender or a local mill to blend. Don’t add water, at least not yet!

7.Tom brown powder is ready! Pour it inside a dry container to preserve it.

Tom brown powder
Tom brown powder

Step by Step Preparation of Tom Brown. 

If you want to prepare it for consumption…

1. Put a quantity of tom brown in a bowl, add water till it becomes pasty. Don’t add too much water.

2. Boil hot water. Then, when the water vapour bubbles is quite noticeable, add the tom brown paste.

3. Yippee!  Tom Brown is ready. You can serve Tom brown with milk, sweeteners and some slice of bread.

If you enjoyed this,  please share it or leave your comments.

Read more on: Foods that helps you lose weight

Samuel T David

I am a lifestyle coach and Fitness enthusiast. I speak, write and offer trainings for individuals, universities and organizations on the topic of motivation, fitness, nutrition for the body and mind.

This Post Has 112 Comments

  1. Many thanks, so helpful

  2. My son is allergic to soybean, can I use wheat in place of soybeans? That’s guinea corn, millet, yellowcorn,wheat (instead of soybeans) and groundnuts. Thanks

    1. Hi Debby… Wow. I’m sorry about why your son’s allergy. This is first of its kind I’m hearing. Well that said your idea looks exiting but that would mean you are trying another cereal not tom-brown because the soy-bean is a required ingredient for the food.

  3. Thanks for the information. Please can the groundnut be grinded to with the other ingredients. Can the tom brown be sieved after grinding to have a very smooth power?

    1. Yes, depending on the strength of the power mill.
      No,You don’t need to seive the tom-brown.

  4. Pls does it makes someone fat?

  5. This is a very educative and mind-blowing write up. God bless you sir. Am so gonna try this.

  6. Thanks so much for the tip… Pls Mr. Samuel can i add more soy beans instead of groundnut because i don’t eat groundnut. Thanks

  7. Sir, can one please add coconut to the roasted ingredients and grind together?

    1. Hello, Henry.
      Coconut flavor is awesome as an ingredient. So also crayfish which is also added especially for babies nutrition. Now, I wouldn’t know what you really have in mind. However, this method is the classic way of making Tom-brown. Thanks.

      1. I’m grateful for your time

  8. Hello, please can a child of 5yrs take Tom brown. Can one had milk and sugar to it?

    1. Yes, dear… Tom brown is a meal for the family. You can add milk to it as well.

  9. Please have being measuring all of these items ‘soya bean, Millet, guniea corn, and groundnut’ equally, hope there would be no bad effect on my baby. Thanks

  10. Please Sir, do this tim brown cause cough? Because I gave to my 2 years old son he started coughing and am exclusively breastfeeding a 4 months + baby and I took and I had cough and she is coughing too. I did exactly as mentioned. It was superb. Please again, add adding the Tom brown pasty to the about to boil water am I going to heat 🔥 on to get thicken

    1. Dear Helen… Yes, it thickens as it is been heated. Ensure that it starts bubbling before you remove from the heat. With that, your Tom Brown is properly cooked.

  11. Waoo! what an informative article. Tnx sir

  12. Hi Sam thanks alot pls I still want to know if I can add sugar or is dar any other thing I can use as sweeter.

    1. Yes, dear. Sugar, honey, milk, choco, are sweetners you can use.

  13. Thanks alot Mr Samuel God bless you.Pls I want to know if I’m to wash and sundry the soya beans, guineacorn,groundunt and millet before roasting.and is it prepared same way with pap?

    1. Good day, Samuel Roseline..
      Please do not wash the ingredients with water. The process of roasting is enough to purify the seeds. When you wash with water, you loose part of the nutritional value of the cereal.

      1. Hi Samuel, thanks for this.. I want to know if I can use the corn flour without roasting as we can get the cornmeal flour here in the UK. Any particular reason for roasting please?

        1. Hello there… Can you consume a fresh corn out of the farm? If the corn is not properly roasted, it’s still in its raw form. So, roasting the corn makes it quite edible to consume. Stay blessed.

  14. can a 3 months baby take it .

  15. Hi, I made mine last week and I was asked to put tiger nut. Though it was my first time of taking it but I enjoyed it. But I didn’t sieve it after grinding, I just made it like that with the crumbs. Hope it won’t have any effect on me.

  16. Hi, I made mine last week and I was asked to put tiger nut. Though it was my first time of taking it but I enjoyed it. But I didn’t sieve it after grinding, I just made it like that with the crumbs. Hope it won’t have any effect on me.

    1. Hi… Esther, Tigernut is great. It can be used as a flavor variant. It has no effect whatsoever. However, the recipe above is the classic way of preparing Tom-Brown. Thanks.

      1. Please sir can I put unripe plantain

        1. Hi there… Kindly stick to the classic way of making Tom brown as shown in the article.

  17. Thanks so much for the tips, my mother in-law prepared it for me with only Guinea corn, soya and groundnut. But my baby was stooling after taking it. What could be the cause? Thanks

  18. Why is it that you don’t wash the soya beans and the rest before grinding ?

    1. Hello… Ifeima. The roasted corn you buy on the road side, do they wash it before roasting? Washing and drying takes longer time. That’s a variation on ur part but not necessary. Both ways are still OK. Thanks.

    2. thank for the information….is it necessary I grind the groundnut separately… please can’t I blend the groundnut together with other ingredients ..thanks

      1. Hello Oshiyemi, you are to roast them separately but grind the groundnut(peanuts)together with the remaining ingredients except soy beans.

  19. Pls is better to grand the groundnut separatly or grand all together which one is better

    1. Hello Dezy, please grind separately the groundnut(peanuts). Thanks. ☺️

  20. pls can I grind corn, millet, guinea corn, soybean n crayfish together with d backthen later shift it together.

    1. Hello Bolanle… Kindly follow the procedures highlighted. Thanks.

  21. Very nice and descriptive article.. From the comments and your reply, you said that groundnut should be grinded separately, right? At what stage should I mix it with the other items?

    1. Hello.. Miracle, After you are done removing the shaft from the soybean, you then grind everything together.

  22. plz can a 3yrs old tk it as breakfast to gain weight. thks

  23. Thanks for the tips. Can I grind the Soya beans at the local mill and sift the shaft since I dont have mortal and pestle?

  24. Pls, I would like to know if the life shelf of Tom Brown can be up to 3months if dry crayfish is added to the process

  25. Thanks for did information,pls it only d groundnut DAT I will have to grinnd separatly?

  26. thanks for d tips, very useful but please after blending, it didn’t come out as powder but like particles (sand like). any side effect if a baby consumes it like DAT? I mix it with already milled wet corn, millet n guinea corn though.

    1. Hello… Omotee, It is very important you sift the chaff away after you are done with grinding. Thanks.

  27. Nice article, I’ve been buying it from market but I’ll try do it myself with this recipes. thanks a lot, I appreciate.

    but someone told me that she add rice to her own. pls, is it good?

    1. You are welcome Onyinye, Give it a try. You will be glad you did.

  28. good morning sir, please when grinding the Tom brown, if I add crayfish, unripe plantain and milk favour it, will it taste nice? thanks

    1. Hi obiajulu,Thats a variation on your part. Whatever flavor or additional ingredients you decide to put is at your own purview. The classic procedure is clearly stated on the article. Thanks.

  29. Hi do you have them in grocery stores in usa and apart from tom brown is there any other name thanks

    1. Hi… Ellen,we will send a mail to you regarding that soonest. Thanks.

  30. please when preparing tom brown, am I to pour the boiled water direct just as pap or what?

    1. Hello… Ogechi,please refer back to the procedures once again. Thanks.

  31. Hi… Idabor,You are to roast it separately and you only sift the roasted corn after you have grinded it. Thanks.

  32. Thanks for your effort. Pls should I roast corn and guinea corn together. And if I do how will I sift the roast corn back. Thanks

  33. Please I don’t want 2 loose weight
    Will Tom Brown make me 2 loose or add weight?

    1. Hi… Chidinma, Tom Brown is a healthy balanced diet having no cholesterol. Your weight gain or loss will be due to your genes adaptability. Thanks.

  34. Nice article,I deeply appreciate it

    1. Thanks Best… Glad you liked it. Your encouragement keeps us going.

  35. Hello sir

    Can it last longer than 3months in a plastic container ? and should I remove the soya beans back after frying?

    1. Hi, chioma. It can last after 3 months.
      No, you don’t remove the soybean back after frying,you only sift the chaff after grinding the soybean.

  36. Thank so much sir. I have been doing it but in a wrong way. Do I need to remove the back of yellow corn

    1. Hello there… You are to grind the roasted corn and sift the chaff away. Thanks.

  37. A friend introduced Tom Brown to me. Since Monday this week, I’ve been giving it to my baby. The problem is he did not take it the first time because it was not as sweet as Cerelac. I had to add sweetener. Can I add dates to the preparation? What about dried fish n crayfish?

    1. Hello Toyen, dates could be a sweetener variant but ensure it is well blended. Some mum’s may decide to add dried fish but if you decide ensure that it is very moderate and well blended. Thanks.

  38. thanks for this information .pls do I grind the groundnuts with the back after roasting

    1. No! Onyinye, You don’t do that please. When you roast the groundnut, ensure that you remove the covering. Thanks

  39. why not boil the the sorghum and millet and then toast to dry

    1. Hello… Madugu, kindly follow the laid down instructions please. Thanks.

  40. Wonderful and informative article. I have a question and a comment.
    When you say “Fry” for the Groundnuts, Soybeans, and Millet do you use oil? If so how much?
    Guinea Corn in the US known as “Sorghum” when hulled and “Milo” with the red hull still on. We call Groundnuts “Peanuts”.

    1. Thanks a bunch Tim for that useful tip.
      The right word is to “roast” the millet, soy beans, sorghum and peanut as known in the USA.
      Your comments was helpful. Thanks once again.

  41. Hello Samuel,
    I want to be sure of the measurements Yellow Corn/Guinea Corn 1kg
    Those this mean 500grm each

  42. Please, I want to ask how long tom brown takes to expire when packaged in a plastic bag.
    Thank you

    1. As long as you keep it properly sealed and safe. However, it shouldn’t be longer than 3 months.

  43. pls how many cup are my to use for each

    1. Hi… Destiny, The measurement is on the the article. Please read it again.

  44. pls can 4month baby take it

  45. apart from the ingredients u mentioned above is there any other ingredients that could be added

    1. Hello there…
      This is the classic way of preparing Tom Brown. I guess you stick to it.

  46. Hello Mr Samuel, In the case of ingredient mentioned, Can someone add egg’s shell? If yes, What will be its implication? Thanks

    1. Hello Ibrahim… Egg shells are loaded with calcium. No doubt about it.
      But it’s not part of the ingredients. However,if egg shells is part of your daily diet prescribed by your dietician.
      You may add the required proportion to the cereal.

      1. please can you add milk as a flavor?

  47. Hello,
    I’m from Bulgaria and I’m wondering about the Cuinea corn. What is the difference between yellow corn and the Guinea corn, and if I can’t find it can I use only yellow corn?

    1. Hello Radmila, The guinea corn is brownish wine in color. While, the yellow corn is yellowish. These are readily available in the market stalls. If you could not get the guinea corn,you may still prepare the cereal with the rest of the ingredients but note that if all ingredients are in place, the better and higher the nutritional value. Thanks.

  48. Thank you once again. I want to also ask, is it possible for adults to prepare the mixture in a “wheat-like” form and take it with one’s choice of soup? Thanks.

    1. No…Tom brown is different. The ingredients contained won’t make it come out nicely.

  49. Thank you for the tips. please I want to ask a question” if the groundnut is grounded with the other ingredients,won’t it change the texture of the mixture considering the pasty nature of the groundnut “?. Is it possible to grind the groundnut separately and then add it to the mixture during preparation for consumption?

    1. Yes, Mr Tony.The groundnut should be grounded separately to avoid the sticky friction caused when grinding the groundnuts with the rest of the ingredients.

      1. Please can I use already roasted groundnut or I must buy and roast myself

  50. Why the name “Tom Brown”?
    Can I add sweetener and/ flavor to it?

    1. Hi.. Amara, Tom Brown is the traditional name given to the breakfast cereal.
      Yes! You can add sweetener like honey, sugar and ginger as a flavor. However, it has to be moderate.

  51. Please am I to use the same measurements for all the ingredients when making Tom brown

    1. Hello Chi, you are not to use the same measure for all the ingredients. It won’t come out nicely.

      1. Pls sorry to disturb you sir,I followed your recipe but the amount of soya bean I added was equal to the corn and sorghum this was so that I will no longer add milk and after grinding the one prepared for consumption did not come out well it not thick.PLS I NEED YOUR HELP ON HOW TO MAKE IT THICK. THE QUANTITY I PREPARED IT was much pls I need your reply plsss

      2. Hello sorry to disturb you sir, I need your help I just made my tom brown following your recipe but the soya bean I added was equal with the corn and sorghum but all the other ingredients were OK .but when prepared for consumption following your procedure the consistency was too light .Is there no way it could be amended pls I need your reply pls sir

        1. Hello there… Please follow the instructions on the quantity of its preparations on this article. Once you pour the grinded mixture,Keep stirring until it thickens.Thus, you’ve got to be patient. Thanks.

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